Past research shows that the accumulation of fat in the heart, especially pericardial fat – a small lump of fatty tissue just on the outside of the heart – can increase risks of cardiovascular disease.
A team from the University of the Negev and Soroka University Medical Centre compared the effects of the two diets in an 18-month weight loss study involving 80 obese individuals.
The participants had high waist circumferences and high BMIs at the start of the study.
A whole-body MRI was carried out on them to quantify how much intrapericardial fat (IPF) and extrapericardial fat (EPF) they had.
MEDITERRANEAN DIET CUTS THE RISK OF DEMENTIA BY 35%
Adopting a Mediterranean diet could help slash the risk of developing dementia, research suggests.
The benefits of eating oily fish, vegetables and nuts have previously been shown to reduce the risk of developing the most deadly form of breast cancer and ADHD, with the latest study showing it to also improves brain health.
Those who stuck to the trendy diet were 35 per cent less likely to perform badly on cognitive tests – an early sign of the disease.
Even after taking into account smoking, exercise and socio-economic status – all believed triggers of dementia, the findings remained true.
The new trial of the high-fat diet, which is notably low on red and processed meat, was based on almost 6,000 people and carried out by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco.
The groups were then split into two and given different dietary plans to follow.
While both groups saw similar weight loss amount, the low-carb group had a lower waist circumference on average.
Excess abdominal fat – particularly visceral fat, the kind that surrounds your organs – is linked to increased risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and some cancers.
The low-carb dieters showed a reduced IPF volume twice as much as the low-fat group.
Both diets were found to lower the amount of EPF in participants, but the change was again more pronounced in the low-carb group.
Reducing IPF was associated with a decrease in artery-clogging fats called triglycerides (TGs).
Decreases in EPF has been linked with an increase in ‘protective’ HDL cholesterol.
There was no differences in improvement to blood sugar levels between the groups, the researchers noted.
The study was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.